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Description of Briard

The Breed History

The first written records of this breed originated in the 12th century in France. Napoleon and Charlemagne are reported to have kept Briards. The first breed standard was laid out in 1897. Often referred to as a “heart wrapped in fur”, both the Marquis de Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson are credited with bringing the breed to America, and first AKC registrations occurred in 1922. UKC registration occurred in 1948.

Breeding for Function

They were originally used to defend home and farm, but later they became widely used as sheep herding dogs. They have also been used for tracking and hunting, and have served in times of war.

Physical Characteristics

Height at Withers: female 22-25.5” (56-65 cm), male 23 to 27” (58.5-68.5 cm).

Weight: females 50-80 lb. (22.5-36.5 kg), males 60-100 lb. (27.5-45.5 kg).

Coat: The long (6”) wavy double coat is solid colored. All colors are accepted except white. Black, gray and shades of tawny are common. The coat requires frequent grooming; they are moderate shedders.

Longevity: 10-12 years.

Points of Conformation: The Briard is a large solidly built powerful dog, with distinctive eyebrows and beard. Their ears are high set and pendulous. Each rear limb carries double dewclaws. The tail has a distinctive tip called a crochet, which is a small hook. The tail is carried low and reaches to the tarsus. Eyes are black or brown with dark palpebral margins; lips and nose are pigmented black. Topline is slightly inclined down towards the croup. They have a deep thorax.

Thanks for description - Animal life club

Photo Gallery of Briard